GDD base 50 accumulation since April 1 = 3669. http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/reports/gddTable.asp
Phenology stages according to the Modified E-L System http://door.uwex.edu/files/2010/10/ModifiedEichhornLorennzsystem.pdf
Arandel and Aromella are not listed here. They did not perform well at our location, so they were removed.
The actual photos were taken on November 6, 2017 but the stages were approximately the same as they were when the final GDD reading was taken on October 30.
The three northernmost rows of Norton in the North Vineyard had the most complete hardening of the wood while the other cultivars had some dead wood, but mostly on small diameter wood. Healthy wood was located in the fruiting zones of most cultivars with the exception of Valvin Muscat which was over-cropped and very damaged from the Japanese beetles in 2017.